|*||Altamirano, A., Echeverría, C. and Lara, A. (2007), “Effect of forest fragmentation on vegetation
structure of Legrandia concinna (Myrtaceae) threatened populations in south-central Chile”,
Revista Chilena de Historia Natural, 80(1): 27–42.
|*||Antrop, M. and Van Eetvelde, V. (2000), “Holistic aspects of suburban landscapes: visual image
interpretation and landscape metrics”, Landscape and Urban Planning, 50(1-3): 43–58, [DOI].
|*||Baker, M. E., Weller, D. E. and Jordan, T. E. (2006), “Improved methods for quantifying potential
nutrient interception by riparian buffers”, Landscape Ecology, 21(8): 1327–1345, [DOI].
|*||Beckler, A. A., French, B. W. and Chandler, L. D. (2004), “Characterization of western corn
rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) population dynamics in relation to landscape attributes”,
Agricultural and Forest Entomology, 6(2): 129–139, [DOI].
|*||Botequilha Leitão, A. and Ahern, J. (2002), “Applying landscape ecological concepts and metrics
in sustainable landscape planning”, Landscape and Urban Planning, 59(2): 65–93, [DOI].
|*||Brownstein, J. S., Skelly, D. K., Holford, T. R. and Fish, D. (2005), “Forest fragmentation predicts
local scale heterogeneity of Lyme disease risk”, Oecologia, 146(3): 469–475, [DOI].
|*||Burton, M. L. and Samuelson, L. J. (2008), “Influence of urbanization on riparian forest diversity
and structure in the Georgia Piedmont, US”, Plant Ecology, 195(1): 99–115, [DOI].
|*||Buyantuyev, A. and Wu, J. (2007), “Effects of thematic resolution on landscape pattern analysis”,
Landscape Ecology, 22(1): 7–13, [DOI].
|*||Cain, D. H., Riitters, K. H. and Orvis, K. (1997), “A multi-scale analysis of landscape statistics”,
Landscape Ecology, 12(4): 199–212, [DOI].
|*||Carey, A. B., Horton, S. P. and Biswell, B. L. (1992), “Northern Spotted Owls: Influence of Prey
Base and Landscape Character”, Ecological Monographs, 62(2): 223–250, [DOI].
|*||Cayuela, L., Benayas, J. M. R. and Echeverría, C. (2006), “Clearance and fragmentation of
tropical montane forests in the Highlands of Chiapas, Mexico (1975-2000)”, Forest Ecology and
Management, 226(1-3): 208–218, [DOI].
|*||Chamberlain, M. J., Leopold, B. D. and Burger, L. W. (2000), “Characteristics of Roost Sites of
Adult Wild Turkey Females”, Journal of Wildlife Management, 64(4): 1025–1032.
|*||Clark, W. R., Schmitz, R. A. and Bogenschutz, T. R. (1999), “Site Selection and Nest Success
of Ring-Necked Pheasants as a Function of Location in Iowa Landscapes”, Journal of Wildlife
Management, 63(3): 976–989.
|*||Colantonio Venturelli, R. and Galli, A. (2006), “Integrated indicators in environmental planning:
Methodological considerations and applications”, Ecological Indicators, 6(1): 228–237, [DOI].
|*||Conway, T. and Hackworth, J. (2007), “Urban pattern and land cover variation in the greater Toronto
area”, Canadian Geographer / Le Géographe canadien, 51(1): 43–57, [DOI].
|*||“The European Landscape Convention” (2004), institutional homepage, Council of Europe. URL
(accessed 25 November 2014):
|*||Cushman, S. A., McGarigal, K. and Neel, M. C. (2008), “Parsimony in landscape metrics: Strength,
universality, and consistency”, Ecological Indicators, 8(5): 691–703, [DOI].
|*||D’Eon, R. G. and Glenn, S. M. (2000), “Perceptions of landscape patterns: Do the numbers count?”,
Forestry Chronicle, 76(3): 475–480.
|*||Deutschewitz, K., Lausch, A., Kühn, I. and Klotz, S. (2003), “Native and alien plant species
richness in relation to spatial heterogeneity on a regional scale in Germany”, Global Ecology and
Biogeography, 12(4): 299–311, [DOI].
|*||Dramstad, W. E., Tveit, M. S., Fjellstad, W. J. and Fry, G. L. A. (2006), “Relationships between
visual landscape preferences and map-based indicators of landscape structure”, Landscape and
Urban Planning, 78(4): 465–474, [DOI].
|*||Echeverría, C., Newton, A. C., Lara, A., Benayas, J. M. R. and Coomes, D. A. (2007), “Impacts
of forest fragmentation on species composition and forest structure in the temperate landscape of
southern Chile”, Global Ecology and Biogeography, 16(4): 426–439, [DOI].
|*||Etheridge, D. A., MacLean, D. A., Wagner, R. G. and Wilson, J. S. (2006), “Effects of Intensive
Forest Management on Stand and Landscape Characteristics in Northern New Brunswick, Canada
(1945–2027)”, Landscape Ecology, 21(4): 509–524, [DOI].
|*||Eyre, T. J. and Buck, R. G. (2005), “The regional distribution of large gliding possums in southern
Queensland, Australia. I. The yellow-bellied glider (Petaurus australis)”, Biological Conservation,
125(1): 65–86, [DOI].
|*||Fauth, P. T., Gustafson, E. J. and Rabenold, K. N. (2000), “Using landscape metrics to model
source habitat for Neotropical migrants in the midwestern U.S.”, Landscape Ecology, 15(7):
|*||Fearer, T. M. and Stauffer, D. F. (2003), “Relationship of ruffed grouse (Bonasa umbellus) home
range size to landscape characteristics”, American Midland Naturalist, 150(1): 104–114, [DOI].
|*||Fernández, N., Delibes, M. and Palomares, F. (2007), “Habitat-related heterogeneity in breeding in
a metapopulation of the Iberian lynx”, Ecography, 30(3): 431–439, [DOI].
|*||Finder, R. A., Roseberry, J. L. and Woolf, A. (1999), “Site and landscape conditions at white-tailed
deer/vehicle collision locations in Illinois”, Landscape and Urban Planning, 44(2-3): 77–85, [DOI].
|*||Foster, J. R., Roseberry, J. L. and Woolf, A. (1997), “Factors Influencing Efficiency of White-Tailed
Deer Harvest in Illinois”, Journal of Wildlife Management, 61(4): 1091–1097.
|*||Franco, D., Mannino, I. and Zanetto, G. (2003), “The impact of agroforestry networks on scenic
beauty estimation: The role of a landscape ecological network on a socio-cultural process”,
Landscape and Urban Planning, 62(3): 119–138, [DOI].
|*||French, B. W., Beckler, A. A. and Chandler, L. D. (2004), “Landscape Features and Spatial
Distribution of Adult Northern Corn Rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in the South Dakota
Areawide Management Site”, Journal of Economic Entomology, 97(6): 1943–1957.
|*||Fry, G., Tveit, M. S., Ode, Å. and Velarde, M. D. (2009), “The ecology of visual landscapes:
Exploring the conceptual common ground of visual and ecological landscape indicators”, Ecological
Indicators, 9(5): 933–947, [DOI].
|*||Fuller, D. O. (2001), “Forest fragmentation in Loudoun County, Virginia, USA evaluated with
multitemporal Landsat imagery”, Landscape Ecology, 16(7): 627–642, [DOI].
|*||Gaines, K. F., Porter, D. E., Punshon, T. and Brisbin Jr, I. L. (2005), “A Spatially Explicit Model
of the Wild Hog for Ecological Risk Assessment Activities at the Department of Energy’s Savannah
River Site”, Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, 11(3): 567–589, [DOI].
|*||Gergel, S. E. (2005), “Spatial and non-spatial factors: When do they affect landscape indicators of
watershed loading?”, Landscape Ecology, 20(2): 177–189, [DOI].
|*||Gergel, S. E., Turner, M. G., Miller, J. R., Melack, J. M. and Stanley, E. H. (2002), “Landscape
indicators of human impacts to riverine systems”, Aquatic Sciences, 64(2): 118–128, [DOI].
|*||Gonzalez-Abraham, C. E., Radeloff, V. C., Hammer, R. B., Hawbaker, T. J., Stewart, S. I. and
Clayton, M. K. (2007), “Building patterns and landscape fragmentation in northern Wisconsin,
USA”, Landscape Ecology, 22(2): 217–230, [DOI].
|*||Graham, A. J., Danson, F. M., Giraudoux, P. and Graig, P. S. (2004), “Ecological epidemiology:
landscape metrics and human alveolar echinococossis”, Acta Tropica, 91(3): 267–278, [DOI].
|*||Greenhill, D. R., Ripke, L. T., Hitchman, A. P., Jones, G. A. and Wilkinson, G. G. (2003),
“Characterization of suburban areas for land use planning using landscape ecological indicators
derived from IKONOS-2 multispectral imagery”, Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,
41(9): 2015–2021, [DOI].
|*||Griffith, J. A. (2002), “Geographic techniques and recent applications of remote sensing to
landscape-water quality studies”, Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 138(1-4): 181–197, [DOI].
|*||Grilli, M. P. (2008), “An area-wide model approach for the management of a disease vector
planthopper in an extensive agricultural system”, Ecological Modelling, 213(3-4): 308–318, [DOI].
|*||Gustafson, E. J. (1998), “Quantifying landscape spatial pattern: What is the state of the art?”,
Ecosystems, 1(2): 143–156, [DOI].
|*||Guthery, F. S., Green, M. C., Masters, R. E., DeMaso, S. J., Wilson, H. M. and Steubing, F. B.
(2001), “Land Cover and Bobwhite Abundance on Oklahoma Farms and Ranches”, Journal of
Wildlife Management, 65(4): 838–849.
|*||Hahs, A. K. and McDonnell, M. J. (2006), “Selecting independent measures to quantify Melbourne’s
urban-rural gradient”, Landscape and Urban Planning, 78(4): 435–448, [DOI].
|*||Haines-Young, R. and Chopping, M. (1996), “Quantifying landscape structure: a review of landscape
indices and their application to forested landscapes”, Progress in Physical Geography, 20(4):
|*||Hale, S. S., Paul, J. F. and Heltshe, J. F. (2004), “Watershed landscape indicators of estuarine
benthic condition”, Estuaries and Coasts, 27(2): 283–295, [DOI].
|*||Hawbaker, T. J., Radeloff, V. C., Clayton, M. K., Hammer, R. B. and Gonzales-Abraham, C. E.
(2006), “Road Development, Housing Growth, And Landscape Fragmentation In Northern
Wisconsin: 1937–1999”, Ecological Applications, 16(3): 1222–1237, [DOI].
|*||He, H. S., DeZonia, B. E. and Mladenoff, D. J. (2000), “An aggregation index (AI) to quantify
spatial patterns of landscapes”, Landscape Ecology, 15(7): 591–601, [DOI].
|*||Henner, C. M., Chamberlain, M. J., Leopold, B. D. and Burger Jr, L. W. (2004), “A
Multi-Resolution Assessment of Raccoon Den Selection”, Journal of Wildlife Management, 68(1):
|*||Hernández-Stefanoni, J. L. and Dupuy, J. M. (2008), “Effects of landscape patterns on species
density and abundance of trees in a tropical subdeciduous forest of the Yucatan Peninsula”, Forest
Ecology and Management, 255(11): 3797–3805, [DOI].
|*||Herold, M., Scepan, J. and Clarke, K. C. (2002), “The use of remote sensing and landscape metrics
to describe structures and changes in urban land uses”, Environment and Planning A, 34(8):
|*||Herzog, F. and Lausch, A. (1999), “Prospects and limitations of the application of landscape
metrics for landscape monitoring”, in Maudsley, M. and Marshall, J., eds., Heterogeneity in
landscape ecology: Pattern and scale, Proceedings of the 8th Annual Conference of the International
Association of Landscape Ecology, Bristol, England, September 06 – 08, 1999, pp. 41–50, Aberdeen,
Scotland (IALE (UK)).
|*||Hessburg, P. F., Smith, B. G., Salter, R. B., Ottmar, R. D. and Alvarado, E. (2000), “Recent
changes (1930s – 1990s) in spatial patterns of interior northwest forests, USA”, Forest Ecology and
Management, 136(1-3): 53–83, [DOI].
|*||Holzkämper, A., Lausch, A. and Seppelt, R. (2006), “Optimizing landscape configuratlion
to enhance habitat suitability for species with contrasting habitat requirements”, Ecological
Modelling, 198(3-4): 277–292, [DOI].
|*||Honnay, O., Piessens, K., Van Landuyt, W., Hermy, M. and Gulinck, H. (2003), “Satellite based land
use and landscape complexity indices as predictors for regional plant species diversity”, Landscape
and Urban Planning, 63(4): 241–250, [DOI].
|*||Huang, C., Geiger, E. L. and Kupfer, J. A. (2006), “Sensitivity of landscape metrics to classification
scheme”, International Journal of Remote Sensing, 27(14): 2927–2948, [DOI].
|*||Hudak, A. T., Fairbanks, D. H. K. and Brockett, B. H. (2004), “Trends in fire patterns in a southern
African savanna under alternative land use practices”, Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment,
101(2-3): 307–325, [DOI].
|*||Iampietro, P. J., Kvitek, R. G. and Morris, E. (2005), “Recent advances in automated genus-specific
marine habitat mapping enabled by high-resolution multibeam bathymetry”, Marine Technology
Society Journal, 39(3): 83–93.
|*||Jackson, V. L., Laack, L. L. and Zimmerman, E. G. (2005), “Landscape metrics associated with
habitat use by ocelots in south Texas”, Journal of Wildlife Management, 69(2): 733–738, [DOI].
|*||Jaeger, J. A. G. (2000), “Landscape division, splitting index, and effective mesh size: new measures
of landscape fragmentation”, Landscape Ecology, 15(2): 115–130, [DOI].
|*||Jaeger, J. A. G., Schwarz-von Raumer, H.-G., Esswein, H., Müller, M. and Schmidt-Lüttmann, M.
(2007), “Time Series of Landscape Fragmentation Caused by Transportation Infrastructure and
Urban Development: a Case Study from Baden-Württemberg, Germany”, Ecology and Society,
12(1): 22. URL (accessed 26 February 2009):
|*||Ji, W., Ma, J., Twibell, R. W. and Underhill, K. (2006), “Characterizing urban sprawl using
multi-stage remote sensing images and landscape metrics”, Computers, Environment and Urban
Systems, 30(6): 861–879, [DOI].
|*||Jones, K. B., Neale, A. C., Nash, M. S., Van Remortel, R. D., Wickham, J. D., Riitters, K. H.
and O’Neill, R. V. (2001), “Predicting nutrient and sediment loadings to streams from landscape
metrics: A multiple watershed study from the United States Mid-Atlantic Region”, Landscape
Ecology, 16(4): 301–312, [DOI].
|*||Kashian, D. M., Tinker, D. B., Turner, M. G. and Scarpace, F. L. (2004), “Spatial heterogeneity of
lodgepole pine sapling densities following the 1988 fires in Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming,
USA”, Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 34(11): 2263–2276, [DOI].
|*||Keane, R. E., Morgan, P. and White, J. D. (1999), “Temporal patterns of ecosystem processes
on simulated landscapes in Glacier National Park, Montana, USA”, Landscape Ecology, 14(3):
|*||Kearns, F. R., Kelly, N. M., Carter, J. L. and Resh, V. H. (2005), “A method for the use of
landscape metrics in freshwater research and management”, Landscape Ecology, 20(1): 113–125,
|*||Kie, J. G., Bowyer, R. T., Nicholson, M. C., Boroski, B. B. and Loft, E. R. (2002), “Landscape
heterogeneity at differing scales: Effects on spatial distribution of mule deer”, Ecology, 83(2):
|*||Kim, K. H. and Pauleit, S. (2007), “Landscape character, biodiversity and land use planning: The
case of Kwangju City Region, South Korea”, Land Use Policy, 24(1): 264–274, [DOI].
|*||Kindall, J. L. and Van Manen, F. T. (2007), “Identifying Habitat Linkages for American Black
Bears in North Carolina, USA”, Journal of Wildlife Management, 71(2): 487–495, [DOI].
|*||King, R. S., Baker, M. E., Whigham, D. F., Weller, D. E., Jordan, T. E., Kazyak, P. F. and Hurd,
M. K. (2005), “Spatial considerations for linking watershed land cover to ecological indicators in
streams”, Ecological Applications, 15(1): 137–153, [DOI].
|*||Knutson, M. G., Sauer, J. R., Olsen, D. A., Mossman, M. J., Hemesath, L. M. and Lannoo,
M. J. (1999), “Effects of Landscape Composition and Wetland Fragmentation on Frog and Toad
Abundance and Species Richness in Iowa and Wisconsin, USA”, Conservation Biology, 13(6):
|*||Kumar, S., Stohlgren, T. J. and Chong, G. W. (2006), “Spatial heterogeneity influences native and
nonnative plant species richness”, Ecology, 87(12): 3186–3199, [DOI].
|*||Langford, W. T., Gergel, S. E., Dietterich, T. G. and Cohen, W. (2006), “Map Misclassification
Can Cause Large Errors in Landscape Pattern Indices: Examples from Habitat Fragmentation”,
Ecosystems, 9(3): 474–488, [DOI].
|*||Lee, S.-W., Ellis, C. D., Kweon, B.-S. and Hong, S.-K. (2008), “Relationship between landscape
structure and neighborhood satisfaction in urbanized areas”, Landscape and Urban Planning, 85(1):
|*||Leimgruber, P., McShea, W. J. and Schnell, G. D. (2002), “Effects of Scale and Logging on
Landscape Structure in a Forest Mosaic”, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 74(2):
|*||Li, H. and Wu, J. (2004), “Use and misuse of landscape indices”, Landscape Ecology, 19(4): 389–399,
|*||Li, X. Z., He, H. S., Bu, R. C., Wen, Q. C., Chang, Y., Hu, Y. M. and Li, Y. H. (2005a), “The
adequacy of different landscape metrics for various landscape patterns”, Pattern Recognition,
38(12): 2626–2638, [DOI].
|*||Li, X. Z., Jongman, R. H. G., Hu, Y. M., Bu, R. C., Harms, B., Bregt, A. K. and He, H. S. (2005b),
“Relationship between landscape structure metrics and wetland nutrient retention function: A case
study of Liaohe Delta, China”, Ecological Indicators, 5(4): 339–349, [DOI].
|*||Li, Y. C. (2008), “Land cover dynamic changes in northern China: 1989–2003”, Journal of
Geographical Sciences, 18(1): 85–94, [DOI].
|*||Limpert, D. L., Birch, D. L., Scott, M. S., Andre, M. and Gillam, E. (2007), “Tree Selection and
Landscape Analysis of Eastern Red Bat Day Roosts”, Journal of Wildlife Management, 71(2):
|*||Lin, Y. P., Chang, T. K., Wu, C. F., Chiang, T. C. and Lin, S. H. (2006), “Assessing Impacts of
Typhoons and the Chi-Chi Earthquake on Chenyulan Watershed Landscape Pattern in Central
Taiwan Using Landscape Metrics”, Environmental Management, 38(1): 108–125, [DOI].
|*||Lin, Y. P., Hong, N. M., Wu, P. J., Wu, C. F. and Verburg, P. H. (2007), “Impacts of land use
change scenarios on hydrology and land use patterns in the Wu-Tu watershed in Northern Taiwan”,
Landscape and Urban Planning, 80(1-2): 111–126, [DOI].
|*||Liu, Y. B., Nishiyama, S. and Kusaka, T. (2003), “Examining Landscape Dynamics at a Watershed
Scale Using Landsat TM Imagery for Detection of Wintering Hooded Crane Decline in Yashiro,
Japan”, Environmental Management, 31(3): 365–376, [DOI].
|*||Löfman, S. and Kouki, J. (2003), “Scale and dynamics of a transforming forest landscape”, Forest
Ecology and Management, 175(1-3): 247–252, [DOI].
|*||Luck, M. and Wu, J. (2002), “A gradient analysis of urban landscape pattern: a case study from the
Phoenix metropolitan region, Arizona, USA”, Landscape Ecology, 17(4): 327–339, [DOI].
|*||Ludwig, J. A., Eager, R. W., Bastin, G. N., Chewings, V. H. and Liedloff, A. C. (2002), “A
leakiness index for assessing landscape function using remote sensing”, Landscape Ecology, 17(2):
|*||Maier, J. A. K., Ver Hoef, J. M., McGuire, A. D., Bowyer, R. T., Saperstein, L. and Maier, H. A.
(2005), “Distribution and density of moose in relation to landscape characteristics: effects of scale”,
Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 35(9): 2233–2243, [DOI].
|*||Mander, Ü., Müller, F. and Wrbka, T. (2005), “Functional and structural landscape indicators:
Upscaling and downscaling problems”, Ecological Indicators, 5(4): 267–272, [DOI].
|*||McAlpine, C. A. and Eyre, T. J. (2002), “Testing landscape metrics as indicators of habitat loss and
fragmentation in continuous eucalypt forests (Queensland, Australia)”, Landscape Ecology, 17(8):
|*||McDonnell, M. J., Pickett, S. T. A., Groffman, P., Bohlen, P., Pouyat, R. V., Zipperer, W. C.,
Parmelee, R. W., Carreiro, M. M. and Medley, K. (1997), “Ecosystem processes along an
urban-to-rural gradient”, Urban Ecosystems, 1(1): 21–36, [DOI].
|*||McGarigal, K. and Marks, B. J. (1995), “FRAGSTATS: Spatial Pattern Analysis Program for
Quantifying Landscape Structure”, General Technical Report, PNW-GTR-351, Portland, OR
(USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station). Online version (accessed 24 February
|*||McGarigal, K., Cushman, S. A., Neel, M. C. and Ene, E. (2002), “FRAGSTATS: Spatial Pattern
Analysis Program for Categorical Maps”, project homepage, University of Massachusetts, Amherst.
URL (accessed 24 February 2009):
|*||Michalski, F. and Peres, C. A. (2005), “Anthropogenic determinants of primate and carnivore local
extinctions in a fragmented forest landscape of southern Amazonia”, Biological Conservation,
124(3): 383–396, [DOI].
|*||Miller, D. A. and Conner, L. M. (2007), “Habitat Selection of Female Turkeys in a Managed Pine
Landscape in Mississippi”, Journal of Wildlife Management, 71(3): 744–751, [DOI].
|*||Mladenoff, D. J., Sickley, T. A., Haight, R. G. and Wydeven, A. P. (1995), “A Regional Landscape
Analysis and Prediction of Favorable Gray Wolf Habitat in the Northern Great Lakes Region”,
Conservation Biology, 9(2): 279–294, [DOI].
|*||Moser, D., Zechmeister, H. G., Plutzar, C., Sauberer, N., Wrbka, T. and Grabherr, G. (2002),
“Landscape patch shape complexity as an effective measure for plant species richness in rural
landscape”, Landscape Ecology, 17(7): 657–669, [DOI].
|*||Neel, M. C., McGarigal, K. and Cushman, S. A. (2004), “Behavior of class-level landscape metrics
across gradients of class aggregation and area”, Landscape Ecology, 19(4): 435–455, [DOI].
|*||Openshaw, S. and Taylor, P. J. (1981), “The modifiable areal unit problem”, in Wrigley, N. and
Bennett, R. J., eds., Quantitative Geography: A British View, pp. 60–70, London (Routledge and
Kegan). [Google Books].
|*||Overgaard, H. J., Ekbom, B., Suwonkerd, W. and Takagi, M. (2003), “Effect of landscape structure
on anopheline mosquito density and diversity in northern Thailand: Implications for malaria
transmission and control”, Landscape Ecology, 18(6): 605–619, [DOI].
|*||Palmer, J. F. (2004), “Using spatial metrics to predict scenic perception in a changing landscape:
Dennis, Massachusetts”, Landscape and Urban Planning, 69(2-3): 201–218, [DOI].
|*||Pellet, J., Hoehn, S. and Perrin, N. (2004), “Multiscale determinants of tree frog (Hyla arborea L.)
calling ponds in western Switzerland”, Biodiversity and Conservation, 13(12): 2227–2235, [DOI].
|*||Perkins, M. W. and Conner, L. M. (2003), “Bachman’s Sparrow Habitat in the Lower Flint River
Basin, Georgia”, in Eversole, A. G., Wong, K. C., Chamberlain, M. and Galvez, J. I., eds.,
Proceedings of the 57th Annual Conference of the Southeastern Association of Fish and Wildlife
Agencies, October 11 – 15, 2003, Mobile, Alabama, pp. 235–242, Tallahassee (SEAFWA). Online
version (accessed 3 March 2009):
|*||Plante, M., Lowell, K., Potvin, F., Boots, B. and Fortin, M.-J. (2004), “Studying deer habitat on
Anticosti Island, Québec: relating animal occurrences and forest map information”, Ecological
Modelling, 174(4): 387–399, [DOI].
|*||Radeloff, V. C., Mladenoff, D. J. and Boyce, M. S. (2000), “The changing relation of landscape
patterns and jack pine budworm populations during an outbreak”, Oikos, 90(3): 417–430, [DOI].
|*||Ribe, R., Morganti, R., Hulse, D. and Shull, R. (1998), “A management driven investigation of
landscape patterns of northern spotted owl nesting territories in the high Cascades of Oregon”,
Landscape Ecology, 13(1): 1–13, [DOI].
|*||Riitters, K. H., O’Neill, R. V., Hunsaker, C. T., Wickham, J. D., Yankee, D. H., Timmins, S. P.,
Jones, K. B. and Jackson, B. L. (1995), “A factor analysis of landscape pattern and structure
metrics”, Landscape Ecology, 10(1): 23–39, [DOI].
|*||Roschewitz, I., Hücker, M., Tscharntke, T. and Thies, C. (2005), “The influence of landscape context
and farming practices on parasitism of cereal aphids”, Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment,
108(3): 218–227, [DOI].
|*||Sang, N., Ode, Å. and Miller, D. (2008), “Landscape metrics and visual topology in the analysis of
landscape preference”, Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 35(3): 504–520, [DOI].
|*||Saunders, S. C., Mislivets, M. R., Chen, J. Q. and Cleland, D. T. (2002), “Effects of roads on
landscape structure within nested ecological units of the Northern Great Lakes Region, USA”,
Biological Conservation, 103(2): 209–225, [DOI].
|*||Schils, T. (2006), “The tripartite biogeographical index: a new tool for quantifying spatio-temporal
differences in distribution patterns”, Journal of Biogeography, 33(4): 560–572, [DOI].
|*||Schindler, S., Poirazidis, K. and Wrbka, T. (2008), “Towards a core set of landscape metrics for
biodiversity assessments: A case study from Dadia National Park, Greece”, Ecological Indicators,
8(5): 502–514, [DOI].
|*||Seto, K. C. and Fragkias, M. (2005), “Quantifying Spatiotemporal Patterns of Urban Land-use
Change in Four Cities of China with Time Series Landscape Metrics”, Landscape Ecology, 20(7):
|*||Snyder, M. N., Goetz, S. J. and Wright, R. K. (2005), “Stream health rankings predicted by satellite
derived land cover metrics”, Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 41(3): 659–677,
|*||Stephens, S. E., Rotella, J. J., Lindberg, M. S., Taper, M. L. and Ringelman, J. K. (2005), “Duck
Nest Survival in the Missouri Coteau of North Dakota: Landscape Effects at Multiple Spatial
Scales”, Ecological Applications, 15(6): 2137–2149, [DOI].
|*||Stubblefield, C. H., Vierling, K. T. and Rumble, M. A. (2006), “Landscape-Scale Attributes of Elk
Centers of Activity in the Central Black Hills of South Dakota”, Journal of Wildlife Management,
70(4): 1060–1069, [DOI].
|*||Tang, J. M., Wang, L. and Yao, Z. J. (2006), “Analyzing Urban Sprawl Spatial Fragmentation Using
Multi-temporal Satellite Images”, GIScience & Remote Sensing, 43(3): 218–232, [DOI].
|*||Teixidó, N., Garrabou, J., Gutt, J. and Arntz, W. E. (2007), “Iceberg Disturbance and Successional
Spatial Patterns: The Case of the Shelf Antarctic Benthic Communities”, Ecosystems, 10(1):
|*||Turner, M. G. (1989), “Landscape Ecology: The Effect of Pattern on Process”, Annual Review of
Ecology and Systematics, 20: 171–197, [DOI].
|*||Turner, M. G. (1990), “Spatial and temporal analysis of landscape patterns”, Landscape Ecology,
4(1): 21–30, [DOI].
|*||Turner, R. E., Rabalais, N. N., Justic, D. and Dortch, Q. (2003), “Global patterns of dissolved N,
P and Si in large rivers”, Biogeochemistry, 64(3): 297–317, [DOI].
|*||Twedt, D. J., Wilson, R. R. and Keister, A. S. (2007), “Spatial Models of Northern Bobwhite
Populations for Conservation Planning”, Journal of Wildlife Management, 71(6): 1808–1818, [DOI].
|*||Uuemaa, E., Roosaare, J. and Mander, Ü. (2005), “Scale dependence of landscape metrics and their
indicatory value for nutrient and organic matter losses from catchments”, Ecological Indicators,
5(4): 350–369, [DOI].
|*||Uuemaa, E., Roosaare, J. and Mander, Ü. (2007), “Landscape metrics as indicators of river water
quality at catchment scale”, Nordic Hydrology, 38(2): 125–138, [DOI].
|*||Viedma, O., Moreno, J. M. and Rieiro, I. (2006), “Interactions between land use/land cover
change, forest fires and landscape structure in Sierra de Gredos (Central Spain)”, Environmental
Conservation, 33(3): 212–222, [DOI].
|*||Vivoni, E. R., Teles, V., Ivanov, V. Y., Bras, R. L. and Entekhabi, D. (2005), “Embedding landscape
processes into triangulated terrain models”, International Journal of Geographical Information
Science, 19(4): 429–457, [DOI].
|*||Walker, G. (1995), “Renewable energy and the public”, Land Use Policy, 12(1): 49–59, [DOI].
|*||Weller, D. E., Jordan, T. E. and Correll, D. L. (1998), “Heuristic Models for Material Discharge
from Landscapes with Riparian Buffers”, Ecological Applications, 8(4): 1156–1169, [DOI].
|*||Weng, Y.-C. (2007), “Spatiotemporal changes of landscape pattern in response to urbanization”,
Landscape and Urban Planning, 81(4): 341–353, [DOI].
|*||Wickham, J. D. and Riitters, K. H. (1995), “Sensitivity of landscape metrics to pixel size”,
International Journal of Remote Sensing, 16(18): 3585–3594, [DOI].
|*||Wickham, J. D., O’Neill, R. V., Riitters, K. H., Wade, T. G. and Jones, K. B. (1997), “Sensitivity
of Selected Landscape Pattern Metrics to Land-Cover Misclassification and Differences in
Land-Cover Composition”, Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing, 63(4): 397–402.
|*||Wickham, J. D., Wade, T. G., Riitters, K. H., O’Neill, R. V., Smith, J. H., Smith, E. R., Jones,
K. B. and Neale, A. C. (2003), “Upstream-to-downstream changes in nutrient export risk”,
Landscape Ecology, 18(2): 193–206, [DOI].
|*||Wigley, T. B., Sweeney, S. W. and Sweeney, J. R. (1999), “Habitat Attributes and Reproduction
of Red-Cockaded Woodpeckers in Intensively Managed Forests”, Wildlife Society Bulletin, 27(3):
|*||Williamson, M. (1999), “Invasions”, Ecography, 22(1): 5–12, [DOI].
|*||Wolter, P. T. and White, M. A. (2002), “Recent forest cover type transitions and landscape
structural changes in northeast Minnesota, USA”, Landscape Ecology, 17(2): 133–155, [DOI].
|*||Wrbka, T., Schindler, S., Pollheimer, M., Schmitzberger, I. and Peterseil, J. (2008), “Impact of the
Austrian Agri-environmental scheme on diversity of landscapes, plants and birds”, Community
Ecology, 9(2): 217–227, [DOI].
|*||Wu, J. (2004), “Effects of changing scale on landscape pattern analysis: scaling relations”, Landscape
Ecology, 19(2): 125–138, [DOI].
|*||Wu, J., Shen, W., Sun, W. and Tueller, P. T. (2002), “Empirical patterns of the effects of changing
scale on landscape metrics”, Landscape Ecology, 17: 761–782, [DOI].
|*||Wu, Q., Hu, D., Wang, R. S., Li, H. Q., He, Y., Wang, M. and Wang, B. H. (2006), “A
GIS-based moving window analysis of landscape pattern in the Beijing metropolitan area, China”,
International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology, 13(5): 419–434.
|*||Xiao, H. G. and Ji, W. (2007), “Relating landscape characteristics to non-point source pollution
in mine waste-located watersheds using geospatial techniques”, Journal of Environmental
Management, 82(1): 111–119, [DOI].
|*||Xie, Y. C., Yu, M., Bai, Y. F. and Xing, X. R. (2006), “Ecological analysis of an emerging urban
landscape pattern-desakota: a case study in Suzhou, China”, Landscape Ecology, 21(8): 1297–1309,
|*||Yang, K., Wang, X. H., Yang, G. J., Wu, X. H., Qi, Y. L., Li, H. J. and Zhou, X. N. (2008), “An
integrated approach to identify distribution of Oncomelania hupensis, the intermediate host of
Schistosoma japonicum, in a mountainous region in China”, International Journal for Parasitology,
38(8-9): 1007–1016, [DOI].
|*||Yang, X. J. and Liu, Z. (2005), “Quantifying landscape pattern and its change in an estuarine
watershed using satellite imagery and landscape metrics”, International Journal of Remote
Sensing, 26(23): 5297–5323, [DOI].
|*||Zhang, L. Q. and Wang, H. Z. (2006), “Planning an ecological network of Xiamen Island (China)
using landscape metrics and network analysis”, Landscape and Urban Planning, 78(4): 449–456,
|*||Zhang, Y. and Guindon, B. (2005), “Landscape analysis of human impacts on forest fragmentation
in the Great Lakes region”, Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing, 31(2): 153–166.
|*||Zhu, M., Xu, J. G., Jiang, N., Li, J. L. and Fan, Y. M. (2006), “Impacts of road corridors on urban
landscape pattern: a gradient analysis with changing grain size in Shanghai, China”, Landscape
Ecology, 21(5): 723–734, [DOI].