How to Use an Article

Quick Guide to Popup Buttons: Popup windows will only work with JavaScript enabled in your browser and articles viewed within the provided frame structure.

I. Viewing an Article

The article view is divided into three parts, or frames. On the left, the table of contents provides navigation within the article itself. This frame can be hidden by selecting "hide toc". The menu above the main text leads through the Living Reviews in Landscape Research website and offers links to article downloads and metadata.

Screenshot of Article Interface

To navigation between article sections, choose from the table of contents or click the "next", "up", and "previous" buttons.

II. References

References cited in an article can be viewed in two ways. Within the text, the author and year of a reference (for example, Schulz, 2006) is linked to a smaller popup window with the corresponding citation. The complete list of references can be found in the table of contents on the left.

URLs as are part of a reference are active links. Clicking on such a link will open a new browser window.

Additionally, users can "track" a reference along its subsequent citations throughout an article. The small gray button [Reference Icon] in the reference list links to its first citation. Within the article, the gray button next to the reference takes the reader to the next citation of this resource.

If a reference is cited only once, or if there is no subsequent citation, no gray button is displayed.

III. Popup Windows: Footnotes, Equations, Images, and Biographies

Footnotes in Living Reviews in Landscape Research are indicated by a by a small green button [Footnote Icon]. Clicking on this button opens a small popup window with the appropriate footnote.

Equations are similarly linked when refered to in the text. A small purple button [Equation Icon] directly opens a window with the equation. The highlighted equation's number leads to its actual location in the text.

Images are shown as thumbnails, which pop up a window with a bigger version when clicked upon. References to images in the text are indicated by a small orange button [Popup Image]. Clicking on this button brings up the image as well.

Highlighted last names of people indicate a short biographical information, available both in a popup window as well as in a list at the end of the article.

All popup windows are automatically closed when leaving the article or closing the browser.

IV. Article History and Revision/Update Comments

The evolution of an article through updates and revisions is documented in the article's history. Living Reviews in Landscape Research provides access to an article's history record in two ways: by clicking the history link in the journal's table of contents or via the link in the article's top menu. The history lists publication dates of the various article revisions and short summaries of the changes and additions made.

Revisions and minor updates (which can either be errata or short additions of new developments) that do not justify a full-scale article update are reviewed by our subject editors and directly inserted into the text of the original article. Beyond a summary of the change in the article history, popup windows at the actual position in the article where the change has been made provide further details, including the original version of the text. To view these information, click on the highlighted "Update" link in the text. Ruby buttons [Update Icon] on the "Update details" page and in the text allow one to find and track the changes made, by jumping from one to the next within the article.

V. JavaScript

In order to view popup footnotes, equations, references, and update comments, your internet browser must have enabled JavaScript (allowing it to open windows). If you are experiencing any problems, please contact .

VI. Printing and Downloading

As long as they are in compliance with our License Agreement, Living Reviews in Landscape Research users can download articles for non-commercial use. Articles can be downloaded from an article's "Download" page. This page can be accessed from two places: (1) the journal's lists of articles, and (2) the article's navigation frame. In addition to PDF versions, an article can also be downloaded in an HTML version for offline reading.



LRLR is no longer affiliated with the Living Reviews journals owned and published by Springer International Publishing AG.
All volumes from the period 2007-2014 are archived by Landscape Online - supported by IALE Region Germany.

ISSN 1863-7329