Vol. 8 (2014) > lrlr-2014-3

doi: 10.12942/lrlr-2014-3
Living Rev. Landscape Res. 8 (2014), 3

River Bank Erosion Induced Human Displacement and Its Consequences

1 Planning & Development Unit, Department of Economics, Jadavpur University, Kolkata 700 032, India
2 Department of Economics, Jadavpur University, Kolkata 700032, India
3 Economics Department, The Bhawanipur Education Society College, Kolkata, India
4 Department of Geography, Bangabasi College, Calcutta University, Kolkata 700 009, India

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Article Abstract

River bank erosion is one of the critical public concerns in the world at least in some countries. River bank erosion has a long-term consequence on human life. The victims are compelled to displace as they become destitute. On the other hand, the altered flow of rivers (natural or man-made) due to bank erosion also effects river ecology. In this review paper some cases of river bank erosion and their impacts are discussed. The Indian scenario is reviewed in detail to understand the gravity of the problem. It is observed that after forced human migration due to bank erosion, displaced people face economic insecurity due to loss of agricultural land and become unemployed. The victims also suffer from social insecurity due to deprivation of civic rights, health insecurity due to lack of basic infrastructure, etc. All these insecurities caused by forced displacement lead to deprivation, destitute, fragility and increased vulnerability of the families.

Keywords: forced migration, policy, displacement, insecurity, river bank erosion

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Since a Living Reviews in Landscape Research article may evolve over time, please cite the access <date>, which uniquely identifies the version of the article you are referring to:

Tuhin K. Das and Sushil K. Haldar and Ivy Das Gupta and Sayanti Sen,
"River Bank Erosion Induced Human Displacement and Its Consequences",
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Article History

ORIGINAL http://dx.doi.org/10.12942/lrlr-2014-3
Title River Bank Erosion Induced Human Displacement and Its Consequences
Author Tuhin K. Das / Sushil K. Haldar / Ivy Das Gupta / Sayanti Sen
Date accepted 23 September 2014, published 27 October 2014


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